1.Warm Up: To begin practicing correctly, a proper warm up is required. How long do you warm up? As long as you need. For beginners five or ten minutes suffice. For singers, breathing and vocal warm ups are essential to get the air and voice moving. For pianists, technical studies, such as Finger Power or Dozen A Day for piano gets fingers and joints limber.
2. Write On Your Music: Always have a pencil handy. Writing on your music is not a bad thing. It is actually a very professional action. Better musicians mark habitual mistakes, fingerings, and dynamic markings to make sure learning is not slowed by careless mistakes. Notice I said to mark habitual mistakes.
3. Practice Slowly: New pieces should never be practiced at performance speed. You should practice the entire part of the music you are studying at the fastest tempo you can play the most difficult passage – then a bit slower.
4. Set Aside Time: Any practicing is worthwhile, but time that is reserved for practice is best because interruptions are fewer. Try to practice when events are not happening immediately after or before practice; this way your mind is completely focused on your practice.
5. Quiet: Practicing in a quiet space may be difficult, but finding that sanctuary for practice time will improve productivity within that time. Once more, this will help you focus on your practicing.
6. Calm: Practicing should be done when you are in a calm state. Rushing home from work or school to practice is not the best procedure. If you are exhausted or busy when you begin practicing you will not get the most out of your practice time.
7. Identify Problems: Many younger students will simply play or sing a passage over and over without stopping to analyze the music for problems. Being able to identify problems and implement solutions in an organized fashion is more than important to your music education and independence of learning.
8. Isolate Rhythmic Problems: Rhythmic problems should be corrected outside of the line of music. This way the notes are not involved, and the rhythmic issues can be dealt with for what they are: rhythm. After the rhythmic problems are solved the notes will be easier to apply.
9. Work Into and Out Of Problems: It is wise to work out problems in small areas. Once a problem is solved you should practice into the problem from a few measures before, then from the problem area forward a few measures, then from before to after the problem area. This method of working outwards from problem areas will ensure continuity in your playing when you piece everything together.
10. Practice In Sections: Always practice your music line by line or phrase by phrase. The brain enjoys small bites of knowledge. It is easier to process and produce when there is less knowledge being processed at a slower rate of speed. This way you will not forget what went wrong and where it happened.
11. Everything: I encourage students to not only practice notes and rhythms but all parts of the music as they begin. Dynamics, articulation, phrasing: all this should be included from step one when you practice.
12. Practice Daily: Building good habits require daily attention. The mind likes routine and will take advantage of a daily practice time. The more time you leave between practice sessions the more information learned will be lost. Keep your study fresh and continually moving forward.
13. Technology can be an amazing aid — as long as you don't spend too much time futzing with it. Two free or low-cost apps I have on my phone: a metronome, and a timer, which are essential tools for practicing.
14. Begin with the end in mind: Have a goal for each practice session before you start playing. Just playing or singing through your music isn't the same thing as practicing. Before you start, think: What do I want to accomplish today?
15. Practice smarter, not necessarily longer. You'll probably accomplish a whole lot more in a short amount of time if you have a very focused objective — and science tells us that we have a limited amount of willpower to draw upon anyway. So make the most of the time you have.
16. Don't always start at the beginning every time. Remember what I said about maximizing your time and your willpower? It can feel really good to hear yourself playing or signing the beginning of a piece beautifully, but you may wind up wasting the limited time and energy you have. (Also, it leads to performances that start strong and then, well, wilt.)
17. Challenge yourself — physically. Especially if you're trying to wrestle down an element that you find problematic, scientific researchers say that if you add a physical challenge to the difficult task, such as trying to sing that part while standing on one leg or while walking, your brain is likely to start carving out new neural pathways — and the original task will be easier when you return to just doing that.
18.Practice away from the piano. Many musicians use visualization in the same way that athletes do: They run through their music without touching their instruments. Try bringing your music along with you (either on paper or a mobile device) when you know you'll have some downtime, such as during a car or train ride, and read through the piece silently.
19.Reward hard work — in positive ways — to help your brain automate good habits. That sounds like out-and-out bribery, but again, science! THE POWER OF HABIT